Is the Shroud Authentic?


                                          "The Riddle of the Ages"

   "One of the Most Perplexing Enigmas of All Time"

On other pages of this website the reader can learn of amazing discoveries regarding the Turin Shroud that have surfaced in recent years from the lens of forensic science.  That important aspect is discussed in more detail in the paper on authenticity found below.  The significant contribution this website makes to research on the authenticity of the Shroud is in regard to an in-depth analysis of the Biblical text.    

The Shroud of Turin in the New Testament?

Due to persecution and the corresponding threat of the Holy Shroud being confiscated or harmed by religious enemies or by political authorities, a plausible inference can be made that any reference concerning the Shroud in the circulating writings of the Apostles would have been veiled or camouflaged.  Several texts in the New Testament make excellent candidates in that regard.  Exegetical papers on those texts can be found below.  The papers serve as a watershed, challenging traditional understandings​.  The subject makes for a fascinating study!  Evidence suggests the Shroud was treasured in the early Church.  It was likely used in evangelistic efforts as proof to the truthfulness of the Gospel story.  Imagine having possession of the Shroud and being able to use it when teaching others about the death, burial, and Resurrection of the Christ:

            "He was pierced for our transgressions, he was crushed for our iniquities....

            He was cut off from the land of the living,
            For the transgression of my people he was punished....

            After he has suffered, he will see the light of life...."  (Isaiah 53:5a, 8, 11a)

τρεῖς εἰσιν οἱ μαρτυροῦντες, τὸ πνεῦμα καὶ τὸ ὕδωρ καὶ τὸ αἷμα, καὶ οἱ τρεῖς εἰς τὸ ἕν εἰσιν.

εἰ τὴν μαρτυρίαν τῶν ἀνθρώπων λαμβάνομεν, ἡ μαρτυρία τοῦ θεοῦ μείζων ἐστίν, 

ὅτι αὕτη ἐστὶν ἡ μαρτυρία τοῦ θεοῦ ὅτι μεμαρτύρηκεν περὶ τοῦ υἱοῦ αὐτοῦ.

1 John 5:7-9

In the author’s opinion, the academic papers below make an excellent case for there being hidden references to the Shroud (with its miraculous image) within the Biblical canon.  If not the Shroud, what is the correct answer to each of the following four questions?

  • When reading Matthew's Gospel, how would the earliest Christians have answered this question: What precisely was the special Sign Jesus promised would be forthcoming to a “wicked generation” — an extraordinary attesting miracle “from heaven” that opponents would be able “to see” ?  (Matthew 12:38-42; 16:1-4)

  • How exactly did the Galatians (approximately twenty years after the crucifixion and hundreds of miles away from Jerusalem) see (“before your eyes”) Jesus Christ publicly exhibited as crucified” ?  (Galatians 3:1)

  • What exactly was the writer of Hebrews referring to when he wrote of “the greater and more perfect sacred tent (i.e., tabernacle) when Christ ministered as the superior “High Priest” — a sacred tent that was “not made with human hands … not of this creation,” yet was associated with His actual “blood” and assisted with His entry into the heavenly “Sanctuary” ?  (Hebrews 9:11-12)

  • The funeral linens played a crucial role for the Apostle John when coming to faith in the Resurrected Christ.  Upon entering the tomb, we are told "He saw and believed!" (John 20:8).  In his First Epistle, what specifically was John writing about when he spoke of “the testimony (or witness) of God that He has testified (Greek verb in the perfect tense) concerning His Son” — a testimony regarding Jesus that is “greater than the testimony of men” (i.e., a stronger or more persuasive apologetic than the testimony of John himself and the other Apostles) and a testimony buttressed in the present time by “the three that are bearing witness: the Spirit and the water and the blood; and these three are in reference to the one thing” ?  (1 John 5:5-13; cf. John 19:34-35)

Papers on the Shroud:

  • One Solitary Sign!  (Link)

    This is a brief overview revealing the significance of the Holy Shroud.

  • Is the Shroud of Turin the Actual Burial Cloth of Jesus?  (Link)

    This paper on authenticity has been translated into Arabic by the Coptic Church in Egypt.

    "Very interesting. Thanks for sharing your work; it is clear you have put a ton of research and effort into this." — Matt Fortunato, PhD, Christian Apologetics

    "Here is an excellent paper on the Shroud of Turin. It is very solid and replete with many pertinent details.  The paper offers the reader much to learn and ponder." 
    — James A Termini,  retired Aerospace Engineer at the Johnson Space Center, Houston.

  • Four Veiled References to the Shroud of Turin in the New Testament  (Link)

    What are the best candidates within the New Testament for cryptic or veiled references to what we know today as The Shroud of Turin with its miraculous image?  These four texts make my
    top list.

  • Jesus' Burial Shroud in the Four Gospels

    "Very fine, concise paper for the exegetically challenged who are content with their 21st century interpretation of an English translation of a 1st century text originally written in Greek." — Joe Marino, one of the leading researchers on the Shroud and author of the definitive book,
    "The 1988 C-14 Dating of the Shroud of Turin: A Stunning Expose."

  • Is the Image on the Turin Shroud “The Sign of Jonah” Jesus Promised?
    (Matthew 12:38-42)  (Link)

    "Larry, you are making a significant contribution to science and theology as it applies to the Turin Shroud." — Gary Chiang, PhD, Professor Emeritus, Redeemer University, Ontario, Canada

  • Is the Shroud of Turin "The Father's Witness" ?  (1 John 5:5-13)  (Link)

    Did the Heavenly Father leave behind a miraculous sign in the empty tomb testifying to the human Jesus being the Christ, His divine Son?

    Good Shepherd Films has produced an offshoot of this thesis with an exceptionally well-done, brief video clip: Shroud of Turin Knows Details of the Crime Scene (pt. 2) on YouTube (Link). 

  • The Shroud of Turin Served as a Tabernacle During the High-Priestly Ministry of Jesus! (Hebrews 9:11-12)   (Link

    "Brilliant!" — Chuck Hampton, author,
    "A Photograph of God's Love"

  • The Crucified Christ Seen by the Galatians: A Literal Context for ΠΡΟΕΓΡΑΦΗ (Gal 3:1)  (Link)

    Very intriguing. I was recently reading Galatians and wondered about what exactly Paul may be referring to in these verses. Your discussion showing a possible link to the shroud is fascinating. Thank you for a most interesting paper.
    — Greg Maeser

  • “BRING THE CLOAK THAT I LEFT AT TROAS WITH CARPUS!”  Did the Apostle Paul Make Use of a Cryptonym for the Holy Shroud? 
    (2 Timothy 4.13)

    A fascinating paper... — Peter Wadhams 
    University of Cambridge, Department of Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics (DAMTP), Faculty Member and a member of the Shroud Science Committee of the Diocese of Turin

  • Is the Shroud of Turin Foreshadowed in the Transfiguration Story?
    (Matthew 17.1-9)  (Link)

  • “He Saw and Believed!” Is the Shroud of Turin in the Background of John’s Resurrection Narrative? (John 20:1-10) 

  • Are There Veiled References to the Shroud of Turin in the New Testament?

    (An Exegetical Summary of Select Texts)


Author's Work ... by the grace of God, and for the glory of God ...

  • Teaching pastor for many years

  • University degrees, with honors,
    in Biblical Languages (Greek/Hebrew) and Church History

  • Author of a dozen academic papers regarding the Shroud of Turin.  Several of these are ground-breaking, landmark studies.  Most of these papers analyze specific statements within the New Testament that, in the author's opinion, are likely veiled or cryptic references to the Turin Shroud.  Due to persecution (and to safeguard the Shroud from harm) the rational inference is made that any reference by the Biblical writers to the Holy Shroud with its miraculous image [i.e., "not made by human hands" (Hebrews 9.11)] would have been veiled.   

    Five of these papers have been published online at  For an abstract on each paper, as well as the paper itself, click "
    Link" on the left side of this page.  These links will take you to where the most recent revisions for all papers are posted.  [You may need to sign up for a free account in order to access papers on  An account can be established by simply providing your email address.] 
  • Speaker in Canada at the 2019 International Conference: Science, Theology and the Turin Shroud.

  • Past president of the oldest Toastmaster's Club in Spokane, dedicated to empowering individuals to be effective leaders and public speakers.

Shroud Photos © 1978 Barrie M. Schwortz Collection, STERA, Inc.